Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Griselda MARTINEZ, et al., respondents, et al., defendants.
Background: Bicycle rider brought action against driver and owner of motor vehicle, seeking to recover damages for injuries he allegedly sustained when his bicycle struck the rear of defendants' vehicle. The Supreme Court, Kings County, R. Miller, J., granted summary judgment in favor of defendants. Rider appealed.
Holding: The Supreme Court, Appellate Division, held that existence of genuine issue of material fact precluded summary judgment.
Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1231 provides: “Every person riding a bicycle ... upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this title, except as to special regulations in this article and except as to those provisions of this title which by their nature can have no application.”
When the driver of an automobile approaches another automobile from the rear, he or she is bound to maintain a reasonably safe rate of speed and control over his or her vehicle, and to exercise reasonable care to avoid colliding with the other vehicle ( see Scheker v. Brown, 85 A.D.3d 1007, 925 N.Y.S.2d 528; Ortiz v. Hub Truck Rental Corp., 82 A.D.3d 725, 726, 918 N.Y.S.2d 156; Nsiah–Ababio v. Hunter, 78 A.D.3d 672, 672, 913 N.Y.S.2d 659; see also Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1129[a] ). Accordingly, a rear-end collision establishes a prima facie case of negligence on the part of the operator of the rear vehicle, thereby requiring that operator to rebut the inference of negligence by providing a nonnegligent explanation for the collision ( see Tutrani v. County of Suffolk, 10 N.Y.3d 906, 908, 861 N.Y.S.2d 610, 891 N.E.2d 726).
In support of their motion for summary judgment, the defendants submitted the deposition testimony of Mia Li Martinez, which indicated that her vehicle was stopped on Willoughby Avenue approximately 100 feet from an intersection with Stuyvesant Avenue at the time the plaintiff's bicycle struck her vehicle in the rear. However, they also submitted the deposition testimony of the plaintiff, who claimed that as he rode off a driveway curb-cut and into the street, the car operated by Mia Li Martinez cut in front of him, without signaling, as if she were going to turn right at the intersection, which caused his bicycle to strike the rear of the car. In light of the conflicting deposition testimony submitted in support of the motion, the defendants failed to eliminate all triable issues of fact ( see Camarillo v. Sandoval, 90 A.D.3d 593, 933 N.Y.S.2d 906; Scheker v. Brown, 85 A.D.3d at 1007, 925 N.Y.S.2d 528; Reitz v. Seagate Trucking, Inc., 71 A.D.3d 975, 976, 898 N.Y.S.2d 173; Oguzturk v. General Elec. Co., 65 A.D.3d 1110, 1111, 885 N.Y.S.2d 343; Guerra v. Cantos, 38 A.D.3d 714, 715, 830 N.Y.S.2d 917; Briceno v. Milbry, 16 A.D.3d 448, 449, 791 N.Y.S.2d 622; Mohan v. Puthumana, 302 A.D.2d 437, 754 N.Y.S.2d 902; Rozengauz v. Lok Wing Ha, 280 A.D.2d 534, 535, 720 N.Y.S.2d 181). The plaintiff's testimony was not incredible as a matter of law, and any inconsistencies in his testimony raised an issue of credibility that must be resolved by the fact-finder ( see Camarillo v. Sandoval, 90 A.D.3d at 593, 933 N.Y.S.2d 906).
Since the defendants did not sustain their prima facie burden, the Supreme Court should have denied their motion regardless of the sufficiency of the plaintiff's opposition papers ( see Winegrad v. New York Univ. Med. Ctr., 64 N.Y.2d 851, 853, 487 N.Y.S.2d 316, 476 N.E.2d 642).
N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.,2012.
Martinez v. Martinez
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